Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis - Wikipedia
Aztec Codices: Boturini Codex, Codex Ixtlilxochitl & the Badianus Manuscript This makes it one of the older colonial codices, dating possibly only a decade. Genre/Form: Manuscripts Early works. Facsimiles History Herbals Early works to Additional Physical Format: Online version: Cruz, Martín de la, active. Main · Videos; Badianus manuscript online dating. You're hence flying to be messy to unless you vitriol yourself, than most scoffers are hence neat under bed.
Badianus Manuscript: An Aztec Herbal, 1552
Mendoza sent the Latin manuscript to Spain, where it was deposited into the royal library. There it presumably remained until the early 17th century, when it somehow came into the possession of Diego de Cortavila y Sanabria, pharmacist to King Philip IV. From Cortavila it travelled to the Italian Cardinal Francesco Barberinipossibly via intermediate owners. The manuscript remained in the Barberini library untilwhen the Barberini library became part of the Vatican Libraryand the manuscript along with it.
Dal Pozzo's copy is now part of the Royal Library, Windsor. Another copy may have been made by Francesco de' Stelluti, but is now lost.
Dal Pozzo and de' Stelluti were both members of the Accademia dei Lincei. There are several published editions of the manuscript, beginning with the one by William E. Gates innow reissued in an inexpensive edition by Dover Books. He published both the original Latin manuscript as well as his translation to English. The Badianus manuscript is an herbal. It therefore deals with the pharmacological treatment of diseases; it is not concerned with surgery.Mesoamerica - Wikipedia audio article
Soon after the Conquest they built hospitals and schools for the Indians. They taught them the humanities, succeeding so well that less than twenty years after Cortez had conquered the country there were Indian boys who 'spoke Latin as elegantly as Cicero. The Spaniards imposed their religion upon the Aztecs but allowed them to practice their own medicine and even allowed Aztec medicine to be taught in the colleges.
Moreover, since the manuscript is illustrated with pictures, which in many cases are very helpful in identifying the plants, the manuscript is a valuable source of Aztec lexicography.
The Badianus manuscript, Codex Barberini, Latin 241, Vatican Library : an Aztec herbal of 1552
The native doctors experimented with the plants in the gardens of the Montezuma and the lords of Texcoco. Later, Francisco Hernandez endeavored experimentally in to check the reputed uses of the plants he found in the gardens of the Convent of Huaxtepec and other hospitals. Of the hundreds of plants known to the Aztecs and referred to by Hernandez comparatively few are known botanically and from these a smaller number have found their way into our modern pharmacopoeias.
In bone setting, in operations, in making incisions as well as relieving painful bruises and other injuries, pain relieving remedies were applied externally or combined in potions to be taken internally.
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The Aztecs referred to various species by specific native names, tlapatl Datura stramonium ; toloatzin Datura innoxia and nexehuac Datura ceratocaula. The juice of cocoxihuitl Baccconia arborea S. The oils of these substances serve as antiseptics and since they are also of mildly irritant nature are believed to stimulate repair of wounds and ulcerated areas. Since the balsam are referred to as incense in the Badianus manuscript it is possible that the red and white varieties may have been obtained from this tree.
In the Badianus manuscript white incense was applied to the temple in the treatment of the eye and as a salve for water blisters. White incense was also used with the extract of xachiocotzotl Liquidambar styraciflua L. In addition a variety of incense was used externally to relieve roughness of the skin, to anoint the body of one struck by lightning and to reduce swelling.
The juice of the Begonia balmisiana is used with other remedies in the cure for dandruff and in a postoperative treatment for the eye. The use of the Agave and the oil of the fig Ficus were also frequently employed in treatment of wounds. A number of the plants used apparently as astringents have been identified, but the majority are known only by their Aztec names.
- The Badianus Manuscript